Gender and climate change:
Women and men differ in their respective social roles and hence are differently affected by the effects of climate change. The dependency on natural resources, lacking access to land, credit, agricultural inputs, decision-making bodies, technology and training services in knowledge and capacities make the women more vulnerable to the climate change and cope with the effects because of differences in the access to education and information systems.
Climate change has unquestionably become one of the most urgent global issues of our time and has widespread implications for the wellbeing and security of humans, biodiversity and ecosystems everywhere.
Women empowerment and gender equality are major components in reaching the Millennium Development Goals. These goals cannot be met without including gender in climate change policies as it is essential for human security and human rights, and a prerequisite for sustainable environmental development. It is thus important to identify gender-sensitive adaptation strategies to respond to the environmental and humanitarian crises caused by climate change. Even though women are disproportionately affected, they play a crucial role in climate change adaptation and mitigation actions.
Women’s activities in food production, community management, natural-resource and biodiversity management, education of children and family care place them at the centre of development. In developing countries, they engage substantially in every activity of agricultural production to consumption.
In this context, the concerted research efforts are obligatory to develop gender-sensitive adaptive strategies and possible interventions to mitigate the climate change impacts. Against this backdrop, a study is proposed with the broad aim of developing gender specific adaptation strategies that help resolve climate change issues, and involving women as climate change adaptation agents for three areas viz., High altitude tribal, lotic and marine ecosystem